Exploring the nanoworld of biogenic gems

A brand new analysis collaboration with The Bahrain Institute for Pearls and Gems (DANAT) will search to develop superior characterization instruments for the evaluation of the properties of pearls and to discover applied sciences to assign distinctive identifiers to particular person pearls.

The three-year mission will likely be led by Admir Mašić, affiliate professor of civil and environmental engineering, in collaboration with Vladimir Bulović, the Fariborz Maseeh Chair in Rising Expertise and professor {of electrical} engineering and pc science.

“Pearls are extraordinarily complicated and engaging hierarchically ordered organic supplies which might be shaped by a variety of various species,” says Mašić. “Working with DANAT supplies us a novel alternative to use our lab’s multi-scale supplies characterization instruments to determine doubtlessly species-specific pearl fingerprints, whereas concurrently addressing scientific analysis questions concerning the underlying biomineralization processes that might inform advances in sustainable constructing supplies.”

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DANAT is a gemological laboratory specializing within the testing and examine of pure pearls as a mirrored image of Bahrain’s pearling historical past and need to guard and advance Bahrain’s pearling heritage. DANAT’s gemologists assist purchasers and college students by means of pearl, gemstone, and diamond identification companies, in addition to instructional programs.

Like many different valuable gem stones, pearls have been human-made by means of scientific experimentation, says Noora Jamsheer, chief government officer at DANAT. Over a century in the past, cultured pearls entered markets as a aggressive product to pure pearls, comparable in look however completely different in worth.

“Gemological labs have been innovating scientific testing strategies to distinguish between pure pearls and all different pearls that exist due to direct or oblique human intervention. At present the world is aware of pure pearls and cultured pearls. Nonetheless, there are additionally pearls that fall in between these two classes,” says Jamsheer. “DANAT has the accountability, because the main gemological laboratory for pearl testing, to take the initiative mandatory to make sure that testing strategies preserve tempo with advances within the science of pearl cultivation.”

Titled “Exploring the Nanoworld of Biogenic Gems,” the mission will intention to enhance the method of testing and figuring out pearls by figuring out morphological, micro-structural, optical, and chemical options adequate to differentiate a pearl’s space of origin, methodology of development, or each. MIT.nano, MIT’s open-access middle for nanoscience and nanoengineering would be the organizational house for the mission, the place Mašić and his staff will make the most of the power’s state-of-the-art characterization instruments.

Along with discovering new methodologies for establishing a pearl’s origin, the mission goals to make the most of machine studying to automate pearl classification. Moreover, researchers will examine strategies to create a novel identifier related to a person pearl.

The preliminary sponsored analysis mission is predicted to final three years, with potential for continued collaboration primarily based on key findings or constructing upon the mission’s success to open new avenues for analysis into the construction, properties, and development of pearls.


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